In the current growing problems of urbanization, over-population and climatic change the rooftop has turned into a new territory that need considering for potential development. Actually, throughout mankind’s history, roof-tops happen to be useful for various purposes. This origin of those practice could be tracked back 2,five centuries towards the Babylonians who built the magnificent ‘Hanging Gardens of Babylon’, the very first ever roof garden recognized to happen to be built on the top of the building.
The introduction of this ancient concept whereby roof-tops of structures are exploited to supply landscaping and open spaces continues to be broadly practiced recently. The once neglected space from the building has become playing an important role in supplying solutions for densely populated towns all over the world.
In ancient occasions, roof-top design required the type of terracing with multiple layers of horizontal spaces stacked on the top of each other. The first terraces could be tracked to an old cylinder seal present in Susa (now Iran) which symbolized a tower. Dated 5,000 B.C., this seal depicts a picture of the temple on the high terrace.
The look proven within this seal grew to become inspiration towards the great ziggurat or ‘temple towers’ of ancient Mesopotamia. These sun-dried brick towers constructed from around 2,200 to 500 B.C. were a number of walked terraces having a temple or altar at its summit. Today, the very best preserved ziggurat that’s remain may be the Ziggurat of Ur, an old Sumerian City. However, the greater broadly known pyramidal artificial mountain needs to be the scriptural Tower of Babel or Ziggurat of Etemenanki, ‘the house that’s the first step toward paradise and earth.’ The Tower of Babel was a number of seven terraces, all of another color associated with the spheres from the seven planets.
While excavating the ruins of the ziggurat in early 1920’s, the famous British archaeologist Mister Leonard Wooley discovered evidence that giant trees have been grown around the 3 upper terraces from the towers. However, the ziggurat plantings were now true roof gardens because these towers had solid cores of boulders and soil which made extensive landscaping impractical. The very first true roof-top garden didn’t appear until 1,five centuries later once the great King Nebuchadnezzar built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon on the top of the legendary building within the south citadel of his capital. It was the very first genuine roof garden recognized to happen to be built on the top of the occupied building using its terraces believed to possess been 75 ft above ground. Legend has it these gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar to impress his Median wife in the hill country who wept for that eco-friendly mountain tops of her native land. Because of the fact the gardens covered a large 3 acres land, there is an excuse for great structural support for that weight of heavy soil layers along with other elements needed to have an elevated garden. Hence, Nebuchadnezzar gave orders to construct the very first stone building with barrel vaults as support for that hanging garden.